Malawi-one of the poorest nations’ in the world.
Malawi is one of the poorest countries in the world Malawi. Despite having established a relatively stable democracy, which is by and large unaffected by domestic or international conflict. Officially called the Republic of Malawi, is located in South-East Africa and is bordering with Tanzania in the north, Zambia in the west and Mozambique to the east and south. In fact, with a population of 18 million people, over 70% of the population is living below the international poverty line of $1.90 per person per day.
Literacy rates at 62% / only half of total students persist to final grade of primary, 96% school enrolment yet only 4% govt. expenditure went to education in 2017.
Malawi’s Human Development Index value for 2017 is 0.477— which put the country in the low human development category— positioning it at 171 out of 189 countries and territories, which is a scoring system for how developed a country is.
According to UNESCO Institute for Statistics (March 2016), 65.75% of the adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Malawi are able to read and write. For adult men, the literacy rate is 73% and for women it is 59%.
In some areas the burden on classrooms is huge, with a pupil to teacher ratio of 188:1
In Malawi, secondary education is private, and therefore limited access exists in already poor communities, dependent on subsistence farming.
The average size of classrooms should be 40:1 ratio between an teacher and the children, although in some areas we are working to address, there are nearly five times the number of pupils (188:1) allocated to each classroom. If you were comparing this at a global scale, the children from other countries would be more likely to have just 35 pupils in the same space designated for 60 in Malawi. This shows that the burden on classrooms is huge, and in effect, children end up being taught outdoors in less than ideal conditions, or indoors in heavily cramped and overcrowded classrooms. During the rainy season, often children will not come to school as there is no shelter.
The number of children per toilet at each school indicates a need for urgent investment in toilets at schools, with a typical ratio of 77 to 135 children having to share the use of a toilet throughout the day.